Lin Shanqing, deputy director of the National Energy Administration of China, said in Berlin on the 9th that in 2018 the consumption of clean energy in China (including non-fossil energy and natural gas) accounted for about 22.2% of the total consumption of primary energy. Compared with 2012, it has an increase of 7.7%; however, there is still a far way to reach the targets of 25% in 2020 and 35% in 2030.
On the same day, Lin Shanqing attended the sub-forum of the Berlin Energy Transition Forum and made a speech. In his speech, he said that as the world's largest energy producer and consumer, China has adhered to the development concept of innovation, coordination, green, openness and sharing, having achieved many positive results in the transition and development of energy. Among them, the quality of China's energy supply has gained major changes; on the other hands, the energy consumption structure in China has got a major transformation.
According to Lin Shanqing, as the energy transformation develops, more and more new problems will emerge. In the process of transformation, China, with the huge energy industry, has encountered many challenges while addressing global climate change, ecological protection, application of technology, cost, imbalances among energy distribution, supply and consumption, and so on.
In response to the above challenges, Lin Shanqing said that China has introduced three measures for energy transition:
First, continue to improve the structure of energy consumption and increase the proportion of clean energy. “We will continue to optimize the structure of energy consumption, accelerate the transformation to clean and low-carbon energy, and actively promote the clean and efficient use of coal.”
The second is to reduce the supply cost of clean energy through technological innovation. According to Lin Shanqing, in recent years, the scale of renewable energy has developed rapidly while the cost has been declining. In some areas with good resources, low construction costs, good investment, and market conditions, the cost advantage of fossil energy has been established at first. The cost of wind power and photovoltaic power is close to thermal power, providing a useful experience for future development. In the future, it is necessary to lower renewable energy costs rapidly while increase market competitiveness.
Third, China will adhere to develop renewable energy in both distributed and centralized way. In the future, in the power load center areas, such as central-east and south China, the government will vigorously develop decentralized wind power and distributed photovoltaics, develop biomass energy, geothermal energy and hydrogen energy by local conditions. China will also improve the proportion of the distributed energy system based on renewable energy, making the energy supply on the spot nearby preferentially.
"In the next step, China will continue to expand the development of the clean energy industry, comprehensively build a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient energy system, and achieve the strategic goal of energy transition." As Lin Shanqing said, China is willing to work with other countries to promote technological progress and create more favorable conditions for global energy transformation.